August 26, 1938
Source: colectalia.com, lot CT141
Stationery post card Edifil 77n (with serial number A6354385) addressed to Preventorio E “Uruguay”, this is, the steamship Uruguay in Barcelona harbor, used as prison under the SIM administration.
The original name of this steamship was Infanta Isabel de Borbón, it was built in Dumbarton (Scotland) in 1913 and it was acquired by Compañía Transatlántica to offer a regular line Barcelona-Buenos Aires.
In 1934 the steamer was acquired by the government of the Spanish Republic and renamed “Uruguay”. After the failed Catalan declaration of independence of October 6, 1934, the Catalan Government and 2,500 others were jailed in this ship, transformed into a prison.
After the defeat of rebel military in Barcelona during the July 18, 1936 coup, rebel generals Manuel Goded Llopis and Álvaro Fernández Burriel were jailed in this prison ship until their execution.
Uruguay prison ship was under the administration of Servicio de Información Militar (SIM) during the war, and thanks to this post card we know it was labeled “Preventorio E” by the SIM.
The steamer hosted prisoners of very different nature during the war: falangists, fascists, and also ideological enemies of Stalin. Life was hard in the ship: dirt, rats, food shortage and brutal treatment. Many of its prisoners were extrajudiciary executed.
During the air raid against Barcelona’s harbor, on January 16, 1939, the ship was sunk by the rebel air force. Prisoners who could escape the bombing and sinking had different fates: some were liberated, while others were executed. The steamship was refloated after the war, in July 1939, but it never sailed again. Its wreck was sold in 1942.
This stationery post card and the next one are addressed to Rafael Corbella Amat.
The card is uprated with a 5c stamp and has a Sabadell postmark with partially readable date: “AGO 38”. The address has two parts:
Preventorio E. “Uruguay” and Muntaner, 55, bajos, Barcelona. This last address, Muntaner 55, was the SIM’s post office, where the correspondence for prisoners in labor camps and prisons was directed to be forwarded, and where outcoming correspondence was received for delivery to the mail.
The text on the back is dated in Can Rull (a neighborhood of Sabadell) on August 26, 1938. This is the transcription and translation:
Can Rull, 26-8-38,
Cartas Can Rull, no. Dirígelas casa Barcelona. Voy los miércoles. Recogerélas. ¿Quieres comida? Manda certificado médico a Muntaner 55.
It is written in a telegraphic style. Probably, incoming mail for prisoners had a certain word limit for the texts. It is known outgoing texts had limits in most prisons and labor camps ruled by the SIM.
This is the translation:
Can Rull, Aug 26, 1938
No letters to Can Rull. Send them to home in Barcelona. I go every Wednesday to pick them up. Do you want food? Send doctor’s certificate to Muntaner 55.